Genealogy Data Page 99 (Notes Pages)


of Grosmont, Henry (b. ABT 1300, d. 24 MAR 1361)

Note: Henry, 1st Duke of Lancaster, was the greatest nobleman of his day and one of Edward III's most trusted lieutenants. He inherited from his father four earldoms and lands in twenty-six counties that yielded an income of 8,380 pounds a year.

Lancaster served his king as soldier, diplomat, and administrator. He served in fifteen expeditions to Scotland, Flanders, Brittany, and Aquitaine between 1333 and 1360. He was in command on six of these expeditions, and the King's lieutenant on another seven. He also served on six diplomatic missions and participated in twelve truce conferences. Further, he took part in two crusades, one against the Moors in Algeciras, and another with the Teutonic Knights against the Slavs in Prussia.

So highly did the King value him that in 1337 he created him Earl of Derby and in 1351 Duke of Lancaster, the first English Dukedom to be created, excepting only the Duchy of Cornwall, created for the King's heir, Edward, the Black Prince. Further, Lancaster was a founder Kinght of the Garter.

His life is known in unusual detail for the period, because Lancaster was the author of The Book of the Holy Doctors, a sort of autobiography apparently written as a form of pennance. From its pages he emerges as a complex but likeable man.

Lancaster and his duchess had no sons and he expected his inheritance to be divided between his daughters. But only Blanche survived, carrying her father's lands and titles to her husband, John of Gaunt, whose son Henry IV founded the royal house of Lancaster. The great Lancastrian inheritance remains to this day a separately administered part of the crown lands and the title Duke of Lancaster is the only title, other than Duke of Cornwall, that does not merge with the Crown, and the Queen is Duke (not Duchess) of Lancaster.

The best modern biography of him is by K. Fowler, The King's Lieutenant: Henry of Grosmont, First Duke of Lancaster 1310-1361 (1969).
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: Hicks
Title: Michael Hicks, Who's Who in Late medieval England (London: Shepheard-Wa
lwyn, 1991)
lwyn, 1991.
Page: pp. 108-110
Given Name: Henry
Death: 24 MAR 1361 Leicestershire
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Plantagenet, Edmund (b. 16 JAN 1245, d. 5 JUN 1296)
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: ED Mann
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: CP
Title: Complete Peerage
Given Name: Edmund
Death: 5 JUN 1296 Bayonne, France
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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of Artois, Blanche (b. ABT 1248, d. 2 MAY 1302)
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: ED Mann
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: CP
Title: Complete Peerage
Given Name: Blanche
Death: 2 MAY 1302 Paris, France
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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, Henry III (b. 1 OCT 1207, d. 16 NOV 1272)
Given Name: Henry III
Death: 16 NOV 1272
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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of Provence, Eleanor (b. )
Given Name: Eleanor
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Grey, John (b. )
Given Name: John
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Basset, Maud (b. )
Given Name: Maud
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Hastings, John (b. )
Given Name: John
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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de Valence, Isabel (b. )
Given Name: Isabel
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Strange, Fulk (b. )
Given Name: Fulk
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Giffard, Eleanor (b. )
Given Name: Eleanor
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Percy, Henry (b. 1273, d. 1314)
Given Name: Henry
Death: 1314
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Fitzalan, Eleanor (b. )
Given Name: Eleanor
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Neville, Ranulph (b. 18 OCT 1262, d. AFT 18 APR 1331)
Given Name: Ranulph
Death: AFT 18 APR 1331
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Clavering, Euphemia (b. ABT 1267, d. 1329)
Given Name: Euphemia
Death: 1329 Warkworth, Northumberland
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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de Audley, Hugh (b. 1267, d. 1325)
Given Name: Hugh
Death: 1325
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Mortimer, Edmund (b. 1301, d. 1331)
Given Name: Edmund
Death: 1331
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Percy, Henry (b. 6 FEB 1301, d. 27 FEB 1352)
Given Name: Henry
Death: 27 FEB 1352
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Clifford, Idoine (b. ABT 1303, d. 24 AUG 1365)
Given Name: Idoine
Death: 24 AUG 1365
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Plantagenet, Henry (b. ABT 1281, d. 22 SEP 1345)
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: ED Mann
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: CP
Title: Complete Peerage
Given Name: Henry
Death: 22 SEP 1345 Leicester, Leicestershire
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Copyright 2003 John Steele Gordon