Genealogy Data Page 171 (Notes Pages)


Marney, John (b. )

Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: RDLewis
Title: RDLewis
Given Name: John
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Throckmorton, Agnes (b. )
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: RDLewis
Title: RDLewis
Given Name: Agnes
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Coggeshall, William (b. 1357, d. 1424)
Note: Sir William Coggeshall served as Sheriff of County Essex in 1391 and in 1411
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: RDLewis
Title: RDLewis
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: Coggeshall
Title: Charles Pierce Coggeshall, The Coggeshalls in America: Genealogy of the D
escendants of John Coggeshall of Newport with brief Notes of their Engl
ish Antecedants (Boston: C. E. Goodspeed & Co. 1930)
escendants of John Coggeshall of Newport with brief Notes of their Engl
ish Antecedants
escendants of John Coggeshall of Newport with brief Notes of their Engl
ish Antecedants. Boston: C. E. Goodspeed & Co. 1930.
Given Name: William
Death: 1424
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Hawkwood, Mary (b. )
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: RDLewis
Title: RDLewis
Given Name: Mary
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Marney, William (b. ABT 1370, d. 21 AUG 1414)
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: RDLewis
Title: RDLewis
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: Faris
Title: David Faris, Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists: The D
escent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I
, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the N
orth American Colonies before 1701 (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical P
ublishing Company, 1996)
escent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I
, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the N
orth American Colonies before 1701
escent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I
, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the N
orth American Colonies before 1701. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical P
ublishing Company, 1996.
Given Name: William
Death: 21 AUG 1414
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Sergeaux, Elizabeth (b. , d. BEF 21 AUG 1414)
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: RDLewis
Title: RDLewis
Given Name: Elizabeth
Death: BEF 21 AUG 1414
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Tyrrell, Thomas (b. )
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: Clagett
Title: Brice M. Clagett, Seven Centuries
Given Name: Thomas
Event: Type: Living
Date: BET 1332 AND 1353
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Blaund, Alice (b. )
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: Clagett
Title: Brice M. Clagett, Seven Centuries
Given Name: Alice
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Montagu, Thomas (b. , d. 5 SEP 1516)
Note: Thomas Montague was Lord of the Manors of Hanging Houghton and Hemington, both in Northamptonshire.
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: CP
Title: Complete Peerage
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: DNB
Given Name: Thomas
Death: 5 SEP 1516
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Dudley, Agnes (b. )
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: CP
Title: Complete Peerage
Given Name: Agnes
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Montagu (Ladde), Richard (b. , d. BEF SEP 1484)
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: CP
Title: Complete Peerage
Given Name: Richard
Death: BEF SEP 1484
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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----------, Agnes (b. )
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: CP
Title: Complete Peerage
Given Name: Agnes
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Ladde, William (b. )
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: CP
Title: Complete Peerage
Given Name: William
Event: Type: Living
Date: 1441/42
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Hawkwood, John (b. ABT 1320, d. 16 MAR 1394)
Note: "Do you not know that I live by war and that peace would be my undoing?
--Sir John Hawkwood

Sir John Hawkwood was the outstanding condottiere of his time. He was probably born in Essex, where his father was a prosperous small landowner and tanner in Sible Hedingham. A second son, his father left him only a legacy of twenty pounds ten shillings.

The Earl of Oxford's prinicpal residence was in Sible Hedingham and it was perhaps through him that Hawkwood became a soldier in the French Wars by 1343. He was a knight and company commander by 1360. Much of the French countryside was in ruins because of the Hundred Years War and brigandage was commonplace. When the Treaty of Bretigny was signed that year, even many regular soldiers became highwaymen and free-booters, including Hawkwood.

He accompanied the free companies that descended upon Avignon and were bought off by the Pope, who diverted them to Italy. Italy, divided into many small states that were nearly always in a state of war with one another, was a perfect place for a mercenary soldier to make his way and by 1363, Hawkwood was Captain-general of the army of Pisa against Florence. He also served Florence, the Papacy, and Milan.

His reputation derived mostly from his superb generalship, not his personal fighting ability, and even when his command was destroyed, as his White Company was in 1365 and his Company of St. George two years later, his reputation survived and he was able to recruit new soldiers within a short time. Machiavelli would dub him "Giovanni Acuto." And although he necessarily served whoever would pay him, he had a reputation for fair dealing and refusing bribes. Even his one great atrocity, the massacre of as many as 5000 inhabitants of Cesena, was done under the orders of the papal legate.

His White Company, so called for its white banners and highly polished breastplates, was the model for Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's novel of that name.

In 1375 Florence paid him 130,000 florins not to fight them for five years and other towns added 95,000 florins more and promised him an annuity of 1,200 florins for life. In 1377 he signed a contract with Florence and thereafter was Captain General of that city, although he continued to work for other cities as well when not needed by Florence.

The Pope paid a debt to Hawkwood by giving him a castle and lands in Romagna but he sold them after taking service with Florence and bought a castle and land there. In the 1370's, already in his fifties, he married one of the illegitimate daughters of Bernabo Visconti, ruler of Milan, who gave her a dowry of 10,000 florins, and he had a son and three daughters by her.

Florentine citizenship was conferred on him and his male descendants in perpetuity in 1391, but he had never foresworn his allegiance to his native land. In 1394 he sold his holdings in Flornece preparatory to returning to England, but he died before he could do so, on March 16th of that year. The following year, at the personal request of King Richard II, his body was returned to England and buried in Sible Hedingham.

In recognition of his services to Florence he received a state funeral and a large equestrian portrait of him was painted in the Cathedral, (it was repainted, as a fresco, in 1436 by Paolo Uccello) where it is still to be seen (a picture of it is to be found in Barbara Tuchman's A Distant Mirror).

There is a biography of him, Sir John Hawkwood, by J. Temple-Leader and G. Marcotti (translated by L. Scott), published in 1889. See also "The Condottiere John Hawkwood," by F. Gaupp, in History, new series, vol xxiii (1938-39), "Sir John Hawkwood 1320-94: The First Anglo-Florentine," by N. Ritchie in History Today, vol. x, (1977), and his entry in the Dictionary of National Biography. He is also extensively discussed in Barbara Tuchman's A Distant Mirror.
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: RDLewis
Title: RDLewis
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: Hicks
Title: Michael Hicks, Who's Who in Late medieval England (London: Shepheard-Wa
lwyn, 1991)
lwyn, 1991.
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: EB
Title: Encyclopedia Britannica, 1967 edition
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: DNB
Given Name: John
Death: 16 MAR 1394 Florence, Italy
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Hawkwood, Gilbert (b. )
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: EB
Title: Encyclopedia Britannica, 1967 edition
Given Name: Gilbert
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Tyrrell, Walter (b. )
Given Name: Walter
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Tyrrell, William (b. 1415, d. 23 FEB 1462)
Note: Sir William Tyrrell served as a member of Parliament as a knight of the shire of Suffolk in 1447 and 1459. He was sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk in 1445-6, and escheator of Norfolk and Suffolk in 1454-5. He served on numerous county commissions.

A strong Lancastrian, he escaped atainder when Henry VI was overthrown in 1461 by Edward IV but the following year he was arrested together with the Earl of Oxford and two other men, on the charge of plotting against the King. Oxford was spared, but the other thre were executed.
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: DNB
Page: Sir James Tyrrell (d. 1502).
Source: (Individual)
Abbreviation: Wedgwood
Title: History of Parliament
Page: p. 893.
Given Name: William
Death: 23 FEB 1462 Tower Hill, London, when beheaded
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Tyrrell, John (b. , d. 1445)
Given Name: John
Death: 1445
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Tyrrell, William (b. ABT 1410, d. BEF 1476)
Given Name: William
Death: BEF 1476
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Tyrrell, Alice (b. )
Given Name: Alice
Change: Date: 9 Feb 2003

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Copyright 2003 John Steele Gordon